The economy of a country is largely dependent upon its human resource capital, and; therefore, the first pillar of the Strategy intentionally addresses this precise matter. Policies of developing countries, often, limit themselves to existence of infrastructure or natural resources. yet, to utilize natural resources and infrastructure, a country will need capable human resources that can indeed produce valuable items. therefore, in the next six years, the PlaN aims to guide its policies towards turning Kosovo’s labour force into an engine of development.
This shall be done by addressing gaps in the educational system and by utilizing the human capital in diaspora through know-how transfers. in terms of education, measures planned shall allow an increased inclusion of children of ages 0-6 in pre-school programs, an improvement of quality of teaching in primary and in secondary education, and a better connection of programs with labour market demands. these measures shall translate into better performance of students at schools. State institutions and schools shall, also, perform better in terms of strengthening accountability mechanisms in a way by linking teachers’ performance with incentives or with punishments and by improving the expenditure planning system, so that every euro spent in education is cost-effective.
Human resource shall have its returns on investment in later stages, but the return on investment is certain. a more capable labour force shall be able to ensure not only a higher economic growth rate, but also an all-encompassing growth. it is so because of an increased involvement of children in the educational programs, the improvement of education quality, and a better linkage between schools and the labour market, will allow poorer families and their children to gain skills and abilities necessary for integration in labour workforce.
MEASURES TO BE TAKEN UNDER THIS PILLAR INCLUDE:
DEVELOPMENT IMPACT: Increased inclusion in pre-school and pre-primary education. Another indirect effect shall be a better performance of students in primary and in other educational levels. Additionally, another indirect effect will be the increased participation of women in the labour market. The improvement in students’ performance shall enable the strengthening of labour capability, which, in turn, in a longer term, shall allow a greater economic growth and a higher income.
DEVELOPMENT IMPACT: by 2021, Kosovo aims to have a 100% rate of teachers meeting minimum qualification criteria. the improvement of teaching performance will also improve student performance in the standardized tests (e.g. PiSa) and it will strengthen skills and abilities of the labour force. all this shall have a long-term effect on economic growth and development of Kosovo.
DEVELOPMENT IMPACT: a more reliable, transparent, and comparable evaluation of student performance. improved accountability and quality assurance practices shall result into a better performance of the education system; and, as a result, better skills and abilities for the labour force.
DEVELOPMENT IMPACT: improved cost-efficiency of public expenditure in the education system, savings allowance, and reorientation of investment from the lower priority to the higher priority areas. a more efficient utilization of budget funds shall assist in improving quality in the educational system and in implementing reforms aiming for higher inclusion of children in pre-school programs. Quality improvement and increased inclusion shall both bear an effect on strengthening labour force abilities in Kosovo, which, in turn, help economic growth and sustainable development.
DEVELOPMENT IMPACT: Concrete and temporary engagement for a considerable number of diaspora members in public institutions, education facilities, or private companies. moreover, this, will allow for generation of initiatives (projects or start-ups) from the diaspora members. Public institutions and private companies shall improve their capacities due to the know-how transfer. the inputted human resources from the diaspora should have an important role in reaching the higher economic growth rates.
DEVELOPMENT IMPACT: mitigation of informal employment in Kosovo. reducing such a phenomenon and improving working conditions for Kosovo’s labour force shall improve the overall well-being of citizens of the republic of Kosovo.